Jim Crow Compounded the Grief of African American Mothers Whose Sons Were Killed in World War I

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11 years after World War I, the Coolidge Administration sponsored trips for bereaved families to go to France to visit the graves of those who died during and the immediate aftermath of the war. The trip intended to invite all families regardless of race, but the Hoover administration made the trips segregated, incurring the rage of NAACP and WEB Dubois, who called for the boycott of the trip. Of 1600 African-American mothers who got invited, only 200 actually went due to the nature of the trip. The Smithsonian has recently published a book on Black involvement in World War I and how it influenced Civil Rights decades down the line.


The more I hear about this Jim Crow fella, the more I don’t seem to like him. Not one bit.