Why did chainmail arise?

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Plate never dominated in Antiquity. The Greeks basically did not wear iron cuirasses, and the typical armor was linothorax, not metal. The lorica segmentata dominates the popular perception of the Roman legionary, but in fact they overwhelmingly wore mail. > p.s. I’m also not aware of any plate and chainmail hybrid which to me seems very natural plate on large parts with chain in the gaps for flexibility so why not? Europeans tended to prefer to make textile-covered vests out of plates and wear them over maille. In Asia the mail was more often directly integrated into the edges of plates.


1. I don’t know about every ancient culture, but I’m pretty sure the Romans made the switch to maille armor because, though it was more labor-intensive to produce, it required less overall maintenance. Maille rings rust more slowly than wide, flat pieces of iron. This would be seen as a huge convenience for soldiers constantly on the move. 2. There were instances of “plate and chainmail hybrids”, where shirts of maille had larger plates woven into them. They were worn in Eastern Europe, India, and the Middle East. 3. When solid “plate armor” as we know it today rose to popularity in the Late Middle Ages, knights did wear full maille under their plates in order to fill in the gaps left by the joints in the armor. However, this was very very heavy. Later, into the 15th Century, knights wore special arming doublets(an arming doublet is a thick padded shirt meant to be worn under armor, similar to a gambeson) with maille armor sewn into it ONLY on the parts that would be exposed by the joints of the plate armor. This significantly reduced the weight of the full armor set, without reducing protection very much, since virtually nothing could penetrate Medieval plate armor. Even early firearms had a hard time penetrating it, so wearing full maille underneath it became redundant except under the gaps.


Mail is fairly tolerant of being made from small bits of metal and by low skilled workers. Mail pre dates the use of segmented armor used by romans, the romans used mail both before and after it. In many ways mail was the perfect armor, on top of being highly protective and able to cover everywear, it’s lighter then other types, more comfortable to wear, easy to put on an take off, cool in summer, easy to clean an near maintenance free. (Lamellar armour as loads of laceing that needed undoing to clean it, roman lorica segmentata needs the leather strapping replacing often.) By plate and chainmail hybrid you mean plated mail or Mail and plate armour. It was used all over from Japan to Inda to Russa an Persia.


Chainmail was an innovation during the beginning of the iron age by the Celts and the Etruscans around the 3rd century BC. The advancement was the first full iron armor, as opposed to bone and bronze, so it was stronger and tougher. Along with iron weapons, it gave the Celts a clear advantage over their enemies and allowed them to expand their territory and become wealthy and powerful. They eventually established themselves over central and western Europe and part of Anatolia. It was then adopted by the Romans who initially were defeated by the Celts and then became stronger and eventually overtook most of Europe.


Alot of misconceptions loaded into this question. I would look back to the response you got when you asked this 4 months ago.