Early Dinner Time and Caloric Restriction Lapse Contribute to the Longevity of Nonagenarians and Centenarians of the Italian Abruzzo Region: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Abstract Recent findings showed the role of late-night eating in metabolic disorders, highlighting the importance of meal timing for health. No evidence is available on the role of meal timing for longevity. The aim of this study was to survey, in a cross-sectional study, meal timing and dietary habits of 68 nonagenarians and centenarians of the Abruzzo region, Italy. Results showed an early dinner (7:13 p.m.) and a calorie restriction lapse of 17.5 h between dinner and the following lunch. The frequency of consumption was high for cereals, vegetables, fruits, and legumes; low for meat, processed meat, and eggs; and negligible for sweets. Subjects were physically active throughout life. Our results support the importance of a daily caloric restriction lapse, hampering nocturnal postprandial stress and optimizing metabolic response, associated with high consumption of plant-based foods and physical activity for the longevity of centenarians from Abruzzo.


What I am basically getting from this study is that according to a survey among 90+-year-olds in a single region of Italy, the large majority had led moderately to intensely physically active lifestyles (97%), ate a relatively healthy Mediterranean diet, ate more foods made-from-scratch by themselves or neighbors than not, and had only a light breakfast (sdijuno) of 200-300 calories (90%). Obviously, it seems like they were pretty healthy besides the low-calorie lapse, so it would be informative to know what percentage of their peers that didn’t make it to 90+ had followed sdijuno or not, ate as well, were as physically active, etc., but there doesn’t seem to be any practical way to collect that data or otherwise control for factors besides sdijuno. Perhaps they could compare the percentage of people who lived that long in a neighboring region that eats a larger breakfast and has an otherwise similar lifestyle? On its own, this study doesn’t do much to convince me of the benefit of this low-calorie lapse but could be a somewhat useful minor addition to a body of research on the topic.


At first I was like “Nonagenarians, like nona, like grandmas?” and then I realized.


Also they mention “negligible sweets” consumed.


Tldr; breakfast is perhaps one of the greatest marketing lies of all time. Better to skip and eat the first meal around lunch time, last around 630-7.