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The Vikings were invading everywhere, along Northern and eastern Europe, Europe including Rome was a complete mess and in no state to organise a united front, although the Carolingians and russian princes did try at various points.
Don’t forget the Western Roman empire had all but disappeared by then.
Its worth noting that Alfred didn’t save “the English.” He saved the Anglo-Saxons, and by saved we may rather say prolonged their rule for another two centuries.
The Angles and Saxons were Germanic tribes who conquered much of what is modern day England after the Fall of the Western Roman Empire. The Vikings arrived a few centuries later and lay waste to much of the coastline of Northern Europe (as well as a few other places, like Sicily for example). The Vikings carved kingdoms out of parts of England, Scotland, Ireland, France, and Italy. Their invasions were roughly contemporaneous with one another and as such none of the European kingdoms would really have been able to “aid” one another. Indeed, in this time period, aid would have been either showing up for the battles or not. And the Vikings rarely “battled,” they raided until life was so unpleasant you came to terms.
Finally, to return to my original point. “English” culture doesnt exist until around 1100 A.D. When the Vikings conquered northern France (Normandy) they chilled there for a century or so and then William the Bastard (William the Conqueror) invaded England and defeated the Anglo-Saxon ruler Harold at the Battle of Hastings. William ruled extremely effectively and established a new ruling class in England – the French speaking Norman descendents of Rollo and his Viking warriors. English culture is kind of understood as forming at the intersection of Anglo-Saxon popular culture and Norman-French elite culture. The easiest example of this is how all the words for farm animals – cow, pig, sheep, horse – are Anglo-Saxon in origin because poor people worked the land. Whereas, all the words for meats – beef, pork, mutton, venison – are Latin in origin because rich people could afford to regularly eat the meat.
This is a topic I am deeply fascinated by. If you want to learn more I recommend starting out by reading about the lives of Rollo, Eudes (Odo, Otto), Ragnar Lodbrok, Willliam the Bastard, Bjorn Ironside, William de Hautville, and Hastein. There’s so much information on this time period that isn’t really popular knowledge. The stories of the Viking Age are absolutely fantastic!
There was no unified idea of Europe in that time so most states had no incentive to help and helping would be very costly.
I’m not an expert but from what I’ve read about the subject: we’re talking 8th and 9th century here. It would have been hard to give any meaningful help, a crusade, in that time logistically, for most if not all Christian kingdoms in Europe. Rome for example, was sieged (unsuccessfully) by Muslim warriors in the 9th century. Almost every single other kingdom would have had it’s hands full with itself and its neighbours.
Also, the Vikings were expanding into almost all of Europe (although English territory was one of the first). It wasn’t an isolated Anglo-Saxon problem to deal with the Vikings.
The period that saw the launch of the Crusades was the High Middle Ages, at the very end of the 11th century; while the Crusading period extended to the 15th century, the majority of the action in the Holy Land took place between 1096 and 1291. In the First Crusade, the participants were primarily lords from Languedoc, Normandy, Anjou, Poitou, Brittany and the Low Countries, with additional participation from German, English and Italian nobles (keep in mind that, due to conflicts with the Pope, both the King of France and Holy Roman Emperor refused to participate).
The point I’m illustrating is that the First Crusade made possible due to a very specific cultural shift in northwestern Europe—the advent of High Medieval knightly culture, spearheaded and well-embodied by the Normans. The Normans, of course, were former viking raiders who had been given lands in the north of France to help secure the French heartland from further raids. Over time, they Christianized and adopted many Frankish customs as their own, but they were far more martial in character. They basically exported mounted warriors as a commodity (see: the Norman conquest of Sicily; the Norman conquest of England) and were a major factor in the First Crusade’s success (along with similarly warlike lords from Bouillon, Flanders, Blois and Toulouse).
This Latin Christian warrior culture (in a word: chivalry) did not yet exist during the period of the viking invasions; in fact, those viking invaders were integral to its development. There was nobody for the Anglo-Saxons to turn to. This was only two centuries prior to the High Middle Ages, but the world was a very different place, especially in terms of wealth/development, centralization of power and power projection capabilities that made the Crusades a reality.
Alfred was the king of Wessex, and the only “allies” he could hope to secure, beyond other Anglo-Saxon kingdoms like Mercia, were the indigenous Britons in places like Wales and Cornwall. Keep in mind, though—what the vikings were doing to the Anglo-Saxons, the Anglo-Saxons had done to the Britons 3-4 centuries earlier; they were ancient enemies. Carolingian Frankia was occupied repelling viking incursions of their own, and the Church did not have a military arm at this time (apart from the feudal soldiers of the Pope and his vassals, the responsibility of which was to defend their own lands around Rome).
So no, no one helped the Anglo-Saxons because nobody could. They beat the vikings on their own, and got the glory. Alfred outmaneuvered and outfought the vikings bit by bit until Wessex and Mercia were free once more; his legacy, and the legacies of his children Aethelflaed and Edward, allowed Aethelstan to become the first King of the English.