So, does kombucha actually help with digestion?

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You might look into digestive enzymes as well. They have all but eliminated the bloating/cramping/or worse digestive issues I struggled with for two decades.


You may want to make sure you are getting adequate prebiotics, in addition to probiotics.


Yes. Kimchi helps me more than anything.


Dietitian here! It really depends on the type of digestive issues you’re having. It doesn’t hurt to intake probiotics and prebiotics from a variety of sources, but don’t expect it to solve your GI issues and/or needs. One food or beverage isn’t going to solve all your probiotic needs just like one food won’t solve all health needs.


I’d still drink it if it had no benefits whatsoever.


Can you reduce the vertical lines on your nails through nutrition?

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Show Top Comments says vertical ridges are a sign of magnesium deficiency. You could add some pumpkin seeds to your diet. They are tasty and rich in magnesium. Worth a shot.


I’m so confused, what do other peoples nails look like???? I have vertical lines, I’m only 25


I’m 38 but have had these for most of my 30s! I take vitamins up the wazoo and eat pretty healthfully my self, drink tons of water, etc. I’m curious to see what people’s answer to your question is!


nutritional problems manifesting in nails is complex, it would probably take visiting a specialist like a dermatologist to work with you over time to determine whether or not its nutrition related at all.


This is interesting. I’ve been using a fair amount of extra magnesium for my health issues over the past year or so, and your question prompted me to look at my fingernails. I used to have fairly sharp ridges on my ring finger nails, but now they’ve smoothed out significantly.

So maybe it works.


What 10 foods would you prioritise getting a picky toddler to “learn to like”?

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I’m going to go against the grain here and suggest focusing on getting small children used to the idea of trying new foods rather than getting them to like specific ones.

Little kids’ tastes change randomly all the time, and what they love one day might be “Yuck!” the next. Getting them used to trying new foods and experiencing new flavors and textures as a matter of course (and them knowing they don’t have to eat it all if they don’t like it) will go a long way towards raising kids that will eat fruits and vegetables and try new things and not just stick to mac and cheese and chicken nuggets.

If you can tie new foods to whatever their current fascination is, that helps (for example – baby spinach leaves “just like the Very Hungry Caterpillar”) or to foods they all ready like (had a kid who wouldn’t eat lo mein, but was delighted with “Chinese spaghetti.”) We also had a “three bites” rule in our house – you didn’t have to finish anything, but you had to take three bites of everything, and we’d do it along with them when they were apprehensive about something.

Of course, raising adventurous eaters has its downsides – one kid turned into a fan of sushi (not cheap) and the other one went through a phase where her favorite snack was dipping apples and carrots in ketchup, so.


Oh I’m actually qualified for something! I own a small school lunch business and have a degree in early childhood education.

Here are a few meals/foods that most kids seem to like but not seem obvious:
• low/no heat chickpea Tika Masala with carrots and cauliflower.
• yellow squash Mac and cheese. I essentially purée blanched yellow squash along with the cheese sauce and kids are none the wiser
• kids love broccoli
• basically any fruit
• jicama
• if you can make dumplings, you can stuff them with basically anything and kids will eat them

I know it’s not exactly what you asked for but hopefully it gives you some ideas.

A few good rules of thumb that I have learned:

Kids can only control a few things in their life and food is one of them. Don’t make feeding a battle because you will lose. Instead tell them what is offered and stick to it. Kids won’t starve themselves. If you have the time include them in the preparation as that provides some level of ownership over the food.

Variety and consistency. Don’t just make the same pasta dish because they like it. Get 5-10 meals in rotation and then slowly add more in. You’d be surprised what children will eat if they are comfortable with it

Hope this helps and let me know if you have any questions 🙂


I’d prioritize texture over nutrition at that age. Texture ends up being the issue for a lot of older kids, so good slimey foods and sauces will open a lot of doors later on.


A lot of things that kids stereotypically do not like are leafy and green. But these are products which are really beneficial, kale, broccoli, brussle sprouts, other cabages. These are all healthy, containing lots of good nutrients and fiber.

Most red and yellow things are also sweeter and therefor are liked much more. They are also really healthy, but are not repulsed against so much.

Also, a thing I would introduce early is fish and nuts. Fish and nuts are packed with good fats necessary for healthy brain development. For fish, look up what types of fish contain the least amount of contamination (I believe generally, the smaller and more short living the fish, the less polution). Heavy metals, which are present in fish, are extra dangerous for small individuals, but I believe general guidelines on fish in children will be present online.

If they are really picky, a little is better than non. And you can always just blender it and add it to a sauce which the kid likes. In that way the vegetable is not visable, so the taste will not be present much (taste and visual senses strenghen eachother, especially when strong emotions are in play)

Also, early introduction of some foods could lead to allergic senzitization, but the science is I believe still on the fence on when to introduce new foods (especially foods which are known to cause allergy more in kids like eggs, milk and nuts). I believe you should only introduce new foods like once a two weeks or something, to see if allergies develop)


Broccoli, kale, most things leafy and green. Also, eggs.


Opinion: we really need to start supporting pure monk fruit extract

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Although I agree that it’s one of the more healthier sugar alternatives, here are 3 problems with Monk Fruit:

1) It takes more volume to approximate sugar.

2) It costs considerably more.

3) Most of it comes from China. Based on China’s not so good history of consumable products shipped to America, I tend to distrust China on that regard.


I would rather people got used to not everything having to taste so sweet all the time.


I keep meaning to try it but I hear mixed reviews. No weird aftertaste?


It honestly is incredible- tastes like sugar. I absolutely hate anything that has Stevia or artificial sweetener. It’s a little pricey but worth it in my opinion.


I went to my local health food store to find some today. They had several brands labeled as monk fruit but every single one listed erythritol as the first ingredient. I bet you guys are right that people are getting the aftertaste and not realizing it’s adulterated.


Does Stevia cause the same harm to gut bacteria as other sweeteners like Aspartame?

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You need to always consider artificial sweetener concentrations in these studies:

>10 μL of stevia extract or its pure components, 10 μL of 3-oxo-C12-HSL (final concentration 5 × 10−10 M), and 80 μL bacterial culture (at OD600 ~0.2)

That means they were using 10% of pure stevia extract in the solution. Now how much stevia goes into a recipe? 1tsp of Stevia extract replaces 1 cup of sugar which would be enough to make 32 sugar cookies. Now if you envision the amount of cookie dough needed to make 32 sugar cookies, it’s about 600 grams. 1tsp of stevia extract is 5 grams. So we use stevia at about 1/120th the concentration of what this study used. Their findings are irrelevant. 10% is a really high concentration of a lot of things. And adding even healthy things at that high of a concentration would also likely change the transcription rates inside this bioluminescent E. coli


Never smoke stevia bro try India bro there are different strains bro


Yes. A new study found Stevia causes bacteria communication fault. I’ve gone back to sugar…in small amounts.


Why is everyone saying stevia is an artificial sweetener when it’s a natural sweetener?


Has anyone experienced disruption due to artificial sweeteners? If I consume a large amount of sugar alcohols it gives me discomfort but I have never had a problem due to the others like aspartame or sucralose, despite averaging 20-30 packs a day for years


US baby-food firm Beech-Nut facing legal action over toxic metal claims

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Poisoning babies to drive profits, story at 11.


Great. My son was eating that brand fairly often for about 6 months to a year over the past year. Is there anything to be concerned about at this point if he’s had no issues or is this something to be concerned about


What are the safest baby food brands? I’ve seen the most popular ones filled with sugar/hfcs.


Ever read Aldous Huxl3y?


And these foods are certified organic??


Why are people so neurotic about artificial sweeteners

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Because people don’t read research. They follow news headlines, blog posts, and social media posts. People also can’t seem to comprehend that most things are dose dependent, correlation is not causation, and mice are not humans.


Some of them still cause an insulin response which is an issue when the person is avoiding sugar to avoid the insulin response. The ones that cause an insulin response will also mess with your fasted state if you are fasting. The insulin response is also undesirable for people doing keto.


Well first, when AS hit, people distrusted the idea. Sweet with no calories, how can that be? But lots of people made the switch, mostly in their coffee and in the first diet sodas that came out. Then came the conflicting science. By the mid-80s there were studies showing aspartame caused cancer in lab rats. Didn’t matter that they were giving them like, epic giant doses. Word got out and a faction of anti-AS people started. For the next two decades we got conflicting reports of whether AS was totally safe, or whether it’d cause hyperactivity and cancer and a bunch of other problems (many of these studies were funded by Big Sugar). By the mid 2000s the science had really been settled and the earlier flawed studies had been examined. But the damage was done. By then a huge chunk of people believed they were dangerous. And it became part of the earthy, natural, granola lifestyle to hate on them.

I myself was very anti-AS until maybe 2015 or so, when I sat down and really reviewed the evidence. I just assumed because there was a big anti-AS community they were right/worth agreeing with.


because of studies where they give mice a dosage of artificial sweeteners that humans would consume by drinking 20 diet cokes per day


Reading research papers is a skill in and of itself. And as they’ve been misrepresented countless times it’s difficult for people to hear “They be bad” and for them to disseminate a paper and counter it. So they just run with it.

Despite the fact that the papers themselves represent research where the levels of artificial sweeteners given to the subjects are near impossible to reach in your day to day to day life.

Also, people like to look at those who drink diet cokes or whatever, see that they may be overweight, and settle on the fact that it must be the sweeteners doing it. Rather than looking at the person and thinking “They’re overweight and drinking a diet coke, they must be using it to replace the sugary beverage that got them overweight.”

Yanno, like a regular human would.


What are your healthy snacks that make you feel satiated?

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I like edamame, it takes a long time to eat if unshelled and is good with salt


Unsalted mixed nuts,

Dried fruit (dates, mango, apricot, apple rings, bananas, persimmons.),

Plantain chips,

Mashed avocado with garlic powder, sriracha, sunflower & pumpkin seeds,

Ezekiel bread with olive oil & balsamic vinegar,

Ezekiel bread with mashed avocado, kippers, and tomatoes,

Ghirardelli 92% cacao dark chocolate (only 1g sugar per serving!)

Edit: also granny smith apple slices with unsalted peanut butter


Usually take some nuts and dark chocolate, if still hungry I’ll take a rusk with peanut butter


I like having 4 slices of turkey breast(high protein) with 1/2 cup cucumber


I’m guessing we live in different areas since half your snacks don’t sound familiar to me (or I just can’t picture them as a snack, you know)! What’s mixed carrots with apples both mixed as pulp? And corn and yogurt?
But to answer your question I try to pre wash all my berries after I buy them so I can easily grab them for a snack right from the fridge.


Two Questions Regarding Protein Intake Limits

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Your body would use the excess protein for energy and after that it would be stored as fat. Excess protein would cause an increase in urea nitrogen, which is eventually excreted in the urine as a waste product. Protein itself is not normally excreted in the urine and would be a sign of kidney damage.

I think the upper limit is both highly speculative and theoretical. It is referring to the amount of protein used for muscle synthesis, so I doubt that would be the same for everyone. Protein is used for a lot of other processes, and from an evolutionary perspective, I think it’s safe to say the body will be as efficient as possible with the way it utilizes the protein you eat.

Also different proteins are absorbed at different rates, so actual uptake is highly dependent on the overall size and composition of the meal. There are some proteins like whey that are digested fairly quickly and there are others like beef and eggs can take hours to completely digest. That would have a significant effect on how your body uses that protein.

I don’t stress too much over it. In a caloric deficit, your body is going to use all the protein it needs for synthesis and the rest for energy. It’s not wasting anything and as long as your kidneys are healthy, it’s not harmful. In which case, I’d rather have too much than have too little.


1. No

2. NA

your body will absorb almost 100% of the protein you eat. But 40ish g at a time promotes super optimal maximum muscle protein synthesis. If you eat more, it just takes it longer for you to use it for muscle, this making it “less optimal” but still beneficial


the 40 grams has be debunked. u can consume and absorb more than 40 but it is not recommended because it would be such a filling meal for your stomach to digest.


I eat 55-60 grams of protein per meal. I dona feel too full. A lot of chicken, turkey, eggs and egg whites. Some protein powder sometimes.


It’s complete bollocks. It’s probably more efficient to space out your protein but I’ve been huge doing one meal a day.